These injuries often occur during sports. They may involve the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) and the medial collateral ligament (MCL).
Ligament injuries to the knee are often a result of:(Source: AAOS)
Cartilage potholes in the knee not related to arthritis can be treated by filling the defect with biological cartilage. This can take various forms including using the patient’s own cartilage cells or obtaining them from donor cartilage.
The meniscus is the rubber-like knee cartilage that acts as a shock absorber to cushion the shinbone from the thighbone. The majority of these injuries occur during contact sports with twisting. However, they can occur in anyone at any age..
Knees that are too bowlegged (varus) or knock-kneed (valgus) can become painful and lead to arthritis. In these cases, the bones can be realigned in order to restore normal knee mechanics.
*Knee injuries typically are a result of twisting the knee with the foot planted, direct contact, hyperextending the knee, improper jump landing, coming to a sudden stop while running, changing directions abruptly etc.